Polls reveal that up to 70 percent of the Tajikistan population longs for the Soviet Union era.
“People were happy during shoravi [the Soviet era]. The government looked after them, and everyone had work and enough food,” says Karim Ismailov, a trained engineer now reduced to driving a taxi around the capital, Dushanbe.
The salaries of government employees are so low that corruption is endemic. Young people declare themselves disillusioned.
“The new generation of 20-somethings cannot understand just how that state was,” says Muzaffar Olimov, the director of the Sharq Research Center, whose polls reveal that up to 70 percent of Tajiks pine for the Soviet era. “It offered insurance, financial guarantees for old age – now, none of these things exist.”
(CSMonitor / May 2010)
Nostalgia for the Soviet Union is strong in Gagauzia, home to roughly 150,000 people of ethnic Turkish descent but who practice Orthodox Christianity. (BalkanInsight, September 2018)
Nostalgia for the USSR is common among Armenians, and the majority identify themselves as followers of the Armenian Apostolic Church, according to a major new Pew Research Center survey of 18 countries in Central and Eastern Europe.
82% of respondents in Armenia said it is important to be Orthodox (Apostolic Christian) to truly share the national identity of the country. The figure is record high, with Georgia coming in the second with an 81% share. 62% of Armenians think that the national church should receive financial support from the government.
In Armenia, 98% of respondents said that homosexual behaviour is morally wrong.
Many Orthodox Christians – and not only Russian Orthodox Christians – express pro-Russia views. 83% of Armenians, for example, expressed support for a strong Russia as a counterweight to the West.
Also, 79% of Armenians say the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 was a bad thing for the country.
(PanArmenian, May 2017)