It's all rigged.
Courts are Army Hospitals.
Statute law is remedial, that is, it is a medicine.
Correction is medical treatment (Arist. 1104b)
So, administering novel substance to people, like positive law, is medical treatment.
but if it were not so, the national securities would be worthless, because only retarded people would pay them if you could just deny consent to treatment.
How is this handled in USA?
I learned this view from someone who claimed to be part of the Rothschild family.
And it is confirmed in Aristotle, but the substance of the exception is in Bracton, Fleta, the Mirror, etc.
Basically, if there is no evidence read into the record that the individual acting as judge is a Judge, it is not apparent for appelate purposes, so..
It must be apparent on the face of the record that the individual acting as judge has been properly constituted.