Here's my quick rundown on Belgian food:
This is our comfort food. It's cheap and incredibly trashy (more greasy and even worse quality meats than McDonalds). Frituur places are usually small take-away shops, often being no more than a container or food truck-ish. Google images will give you a good idea.
- Stoofvlees (Carbonade Flamande in French and Flemish stew in English):
is the quintessential Flemish dish. It's beef stewed in beer in a certain way. Tastes great, always paired with fries, and is usually one of the cheapest dishes.
- Vol-au-vent (we usually use the French name but sometimes called koninginnenhapje or kippenpastei):
Chicken, meatballs and mushrooms in a sauce, poured over a piece of pastry. Usually paired with fries or mash potatoes. Just like stoofvlees, it's often the cheapest dish in diners/restaurants.
Tons of shit, not just croissants. You can find them at every single bakery. I personally like a "mattentaart".
eaten during carnavals. Wiki has a page on it titled "oliebol".
There's two kinds: the Liège waffle which is mostly sold at waffle stands in bigger cities, and the Brussels waffle which is more common in tearooms. The cities are just names, you can get them all over the country. Liege waffle is sweeter, Brussels waffle is much lighter. People will typically put sugar, chocolate, syrup or whatever rly on their waffles.
No need to explain this one. Though word of advice: if a store advertises for "Belgian chocolates", specifically in English, it's usually way overpriced. Besides the standard bars of chocolate, you can also try our pralines (they're different from the French and American pralines).
- Speculoos (the Dutch say Speculaas):
It's a kind of cookie, fairly plain as is. However I've noticed foreigners go wild over "speculoospasta" which is like Nutella but made from Speculoos. Smear it on a sandwich, people like it. I'm personally not a big fan.